The government-backed Lifting the Burdens task force is gathering evidence of the burdens placed on councils by the Department of Health.
As part of the review, it will look at the sometimes strained relationship between the NHS and adult social care.
"We would like to hear from councils about the distractions, disincentives and real impediments that stand in the way of productive joint working," says the call for evidence.
Task force head of policy Rachel Gapp said the review was a genuine attempt to uncover barriers to joint work in social care, rather than rehearsing old arguments.
"We're hoping to take a more pragmatic and practical line than the easy blaming it all on primary care trusts," she said. "We're interested in the views of PCTs as well as councils."
Mark Easton, chief executive of Brent teaching PCT, which has previously had a troubled relationship with Brent council, said he hoped that the review would look at red tape around local area agreements.
"Everyone's signed up to the concept of local area agreements as a good thing, but it feels like there is a lot of bureaucracy, targets and hoops to jump through," he said.
The review will consider a range of issues, including the need to align Department of Health and local government programmes designed to drive improvements and increase efficiency. It will also look at the case for standardising data collection across health and social care.
Ms Gapp said that the review would consider ways of cutting duplication and improving the quality of the social care data collected to ensure it was "meaningful and useful".
"At the moment, some of these pieces of information and data are no use at all," she said.
The review will work alongside the Information Centre, which is undertaking a major review of the collection of national social care data. It is due to report in the summer.